Pacific Flyway Council
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Cooperative Management
Biologists from state, federal, and provincial wildlife and land-management agencies, university students and faculty, and others develop management plans for the cooperative management of migratory bird populations in the Pacific Flyway. Biologists from the Central Flyway, Canada, Mexico, and Russia contribute to these plans.

Management Plans Available
The Pacific Flyway Council has prepared more than 28 management plans to date. The Pacific Flyway Representative of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in Portland, Oregon has Waterfowl nest copies of all management plans. You may request a copy of a plan by contacting the Service representative. Management plans are available electronically in PDF format and may be obtained by clicking on the plan listed in the sidebar.

What Is a Management Plan?
Flyway management plans are products of the Council, developed and adopted to help state and federal agencies cooperatively manage migratory birds under common goals. Management strategies are recommendations and do not commit agencies to specific actions or schedules. Fiscal, legislative, and priority constraints influence the level and timing of management activities.

Management plans serve multiple purposes: White-
              winged dove

  • Identify common goals.
  • Establish priority of management actions and responsibility for them.
  • Foster collaborative efforts across geo-political boundaries.
  • Coordinate collection and analysis of biological data.
  • Emphasize research needed to improve conservation and management.

Management plans typically focus on populations, which are the primary unit of management, but may be specific to a species or subspecies. Management of some migratory birds requires coordinated action by more than one flyway (e.g., Rocky Mountain Population of Greater Sandhill Cranes, Four Corners Population of Band-tailed Pigeons, peregrine falcon take allocation).

Development Process
Subcommittees of the Study Committee and Nongame Migratory Bird Technical Committee develop and update management plans. Once a subcommittee has developed an acceptable draft plan or plan revision, the Study Committee or Nongame Migratory Bird Technical Committee reviews it. After necessary revisions and editing, that committee adopts a formal recommendation approving the plan and forwards it to the Council for review.

The Study Committee and Nongame Migratory Bird Technical Committee usually works on management plans during the winter (December or January) meeting, and sends them to the Council for review during the spring (March) meeting. The Council usually votes on plans at the following summer (August or September) meeting. The Council adopts management plans, making them formal documents. Multi-flyway plans require concerted Northern
              shovelor and concurrent review and approval.

In the Pacific Flyway, management plans generally have a 5-year planning horizon with revisions as necessary to provide current guidance.

Photo credit: waterfowl nest, T. Sanders; white-winged dove, G. Andrejko; northern shoveler, photographer unknown.

Pacific Flyway Management Plans

Canada Geese
Pacific Western
Rocky Mountain

Depredation Control

Greater White-fronted Geese


Snow Geese
Wrangel Island

Western Arctic

Ross's Geese

Emperor Geese

Rocky Mountain

Western Tundra
Eastern Tundra

Sandhill Cranes
Pacific Coast
Central Valley
Lower Colorado
   River Valley

Rocky Mountain

Band-tailed Pigeons
Pacific Coast


American white pelican

Double-crested cormorant

Other Plans
Avian Influenza

Related Plans
North American
   Waterfowl Plan

National Mourning
   Dove Plan

National Bald Eagle

YK Delta Goose
   Management Plan

Peregrine falcon
Peregrine falcon (Photo by G.

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